Well that was 2016, folks, a bad year for famous people but another pretty good one for the African tech startup ecosystem.
What can we expect from 2017, however? We look ahead to the next 12 months and speculate on how the scene will develop.
Oh, by the way, here’s what we reckoned would happen in 2016. How did we do?
Diagnostics will be a big deal
It has long been known that e-health has tremendous potential to make the delivery of healthcare in Africa more efficient. It is now becoming clear that this will be in the diagnostics space.
In South Africa, hearScreen and Vula Mobile are becoming market leaders. Uganda’s Matibabu is focusing on malaria. Nigeria’s Aajoh is using artificial intelligence (AI) to diagnose patients. Zimbabwe’s Dr CADx is doing the same.
These technologies can be revolutionary, and can create big businesses. Expect to see serious progress from the above five and many others in 2017.
Fintech to become pervasive
There are good reasons for this. Tech startups, rather than banks, will play the key role in giving more people access to financial services, and 2017 looks set to be a bumper year.
More people will become banked than ever before, and as a result we can expect investments into fintech startups to become more common than they already are.
Blockchain rather than bitcoin
Bitcoin may have had its day in Africa, but the blockchain – the technology behind it – has not. Barclays Africa played a part in the first ever live trade transaction using blockchain, which demonstrates the tech’s potential.
South African startup Custos is one of those that has realised the potential early, but we can surely expect more startups to clock the role the blockchain can play in a number of spaces.
Tech hubs to monetise through services and funds
The way Kenya’s iHub is looking to make itself commercially viable through services and funds will likely become a marker for Africa’s many tech hubs.
A few have already led the way, such as the Lagos Co-Creation Hub, but we can expect 2017 to be the year that the continent’s vital tech hubs finally find a way to sustain themselves in the long term.
Interest to spread beyond SA, Kenya and Nigeria
South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria are the major startup centres of Africa, that is beyond doubt.
However, as we continue to pull data together for our annual Disrupt Africa African Tech Startups Funding Report (due for release later this month), we are noticing a trend towards investing in startups from other countries.
So expect investments in countries such as Senegal, Zambia and Morocco to increase in 2017.
Acquisitions to grow
Funding has been on the rise, but the number of acquisitions has remained small.
That has changed a little in 2016, but we can expect more in 2017 as startups founded five or six years ago come to maturity and make themselves targets for acquisition.
More exits can only serve to encourage further investments in African tech startups.
Global institutions to up the stakes
Major global institutions will become more active in the African startup ecosystem.
2016 saw the World Bank launch accelerator programmes for startups across the continent, while the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the African Development Bank (AfDB) joined forces to launch the US$160 million Boost Africa initiative.
Expect to see more such schemes as such institutions increasingly turn to backing tech entrepreneurship to support African development without resorting to aid.